Jemez Mountain Trail
The Jémez Mountain National Scenic Byway connects living ancient cultures,
spectacular scenery and outdoor recreation. So close to metropolitan
Albuquerque, yet you’d think you were in another century. A day trip
through the Jémez Mountains takes you into a reality where red cliffs,
not asphalt avenues, rule the landscape, where mesas with multi-colored
layers frame the horizon and sheer cliffs cut into the blue sky. This is
land with a legacy where sacred traditions still preserve a tribal way
of life. The following is a suggested itinerary for those interested in
exploring mountains and nature preserves in New Mexico.
Entire day trip: 8 hours, 150 miles roundtrip
All stops accommodate tour buses and RVs
This spectacular day trip begins 23 miles northwest of Bernalillo
where NM 550 intersects NM 4. Follow NM 4 north through San Ysidro, a
classic Spanish colonial farming Village with a restored adobe church,
to Jémez Pueblo. The road skirts the edge of the village of Walatowa,
which means “The Place.” The Jémez are famous for their red-clay
pottery. The Pueblo is off-limits but don’t be bashful about stopping
and knocking on the doors of residence-galleries along the road.
When the Spanish arrived in 1541, some 62 major towns and 30,000 people
comprised the Hemish (Jémez) homeland. Three-to four-story pueblos lined
the mesa tops like stone fortresses. Over the decades, the Spanish
consolidated the surviving Hemish into two villages with mission
churches. Now, only Walatowa remains. The museum in the Walatowa Visitor
Center tells the story of the Hemish people with displays of artifacts,
pottery, graphics, and a pueblo model.
For one of the most spectacular five-mile drives in New Mexico,
continue north on Hwy 4 and take the NM 486 turnoff. The narrow lane
winds past tiny farmsteads along the Guadalupe River. The mesa’s
colorful layer-cake strata slope gently toward the river, then the
canyon enters a hard strata of granite. Abruptly, the slopes become
near-vertical cliffs of stunning red rock. In the 1920s, a logging
railroad cut two tunnels in the granite cliffs. Below, the river tumbles
over car-sized boulders through the serpentine canyon.
The scenic byway winds beneath towering cliffs in Cañon de San
Diego and follows the cascading Jémez River, one of the state’s premier
trout streams. The historic village of Jémez Springs, which dates back
to the 1860s, is your only chance for a warm meal, a latte and pastry,
shopping and gallery browsing. If you’re ready to relax, the modernized
Jémez Springs Bathhouse, originally built in 1870, offers a 30-minute
soak for $10 and a 30-minute massage for $37.
The ancestral Jémez Indians liked hot water as well and built a large
pueblo they called Giusewa, “Place of the Boiling Waters.” The Spanish
conquered the pueblo and built the massive stone San Jose de Los Jémez
Mission. Jémez State Monument preserves the ruins of the pueblo and
church at the northern edge of town. Across the street, the visitor
center provides maps and information for the Valles Caldera National
Before leaving town, you can grab lunch at one of the local cafés or restaurants along Highway 4.
One mile north of town, another spring pours across the Jémez River and
forms Soda Dam. Like layers of an onion, the minerals built up to create
a domelike deposit that spans the narrow gorge, except where the river
cuts through. Four miles father north, Battleship Rock, a bare volcanic
ridge, rises above the river like a ship sailing through the canyon.
At La Cueva, the Jémez Mountain Country Store sells snacks and fishing
supplies. NM 126 forks west to Fenton Lake, a small state park 8 miles
away, and continues for 30 miles through the Santa Fe National Forest to
Cuba. The middle 20 miles are unpaved and closed in the winter. At
Cuba, you can loop back on NM 550 to Albuquerque.
Continuing on Hwy 4, the Scenic Byway turns east at La Cueva and
climbs through ponderosa forest to the mesa top and past groves of
aspens with stately white trunks. At the Jémez Falls Campground, an easy
.5-mile loop hike leads to Jémez Falls, a 70-foot plunge through a
narrow gap in the granite bedrock.
Continue another 5 miles to the Valles Caldera National Preserve.
The park covers 89,000 acres of the massive collapsed volcanic domes and
peaks that erupted 1.25 million years ago and formed the spectacular
features of the Jémez Mountains. Two short trails lead into the forest
and valleys from roadside trailheads and vistas overlook the geological
wonder, but most is not open to the public except by prior arrangement.
To return to Albuquerque, backtrack on NM 4. Or continue east to
Bandelier National Monument, Los Alamos, Santa Fe, and to Albuquerque